The meniscus is a ‘C’ shaped piece of cartilage that acts as a shock absorber and conforms to the surfaces around our bones. Meniscus actively distributes load bearing to protect the articular (joint) surface and helps to prevent or delay the on-set of arthritis.
Meniscal repair is commonly seen in the treatment of athletes, particularly those from high-impact sports. It is sometimes referred to as ‘torn cartilage’ but in most cases that mean torn meniscus. Depending on the severity of the initial injury, many people continue to function immediately after. Several days can pass before swelling and acute stiffness become apparent and treatment is required.
Symptoms can include:
- Acute pain
- Stiffness and swelling
- Locking and buckling of the knee
- Lack of full motion
Meniscal repair patients will make a full recovery in most cases.
This is an area that is constantly evolving.
Up to 80% of patients lacking a complete meniscus may develop arthritis in the knee within twenty years. Young, active patients who have little to no early degenerative arthritis may be candidates. Meniscal Grafts include: Allograft (donor graft) and Synthetic Meniscal implants.