The knee is made up of three compartments. Tibial osteotomy, commonly known as ‘bone-cutting’, is a procedure that performs a realignment of an arthritis-affected area and shifts the weight bearing load to other healthier compartments. This reduces abnormal loading stresses on damaged cartilage and bone around the knee. The main aims are to relieve pain, improve function and alter the natural history of degenerative arthritis.
The appropriate patients for tibial osteotomy:
Patients will ideally be under 65 years of age, still working, of an appropriate body weight and, crucially, those that are motivated for rehabilitation.
The appropriate knee joint:
- Will only have one badly affected compartment involved – to facilitate better treatment results
- No history of inflammatory arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis
- There should be no fixed deformity and the joint should have reasonable range of motion
The surgical aims are to fully correct the deformity with accurate alignment and rigid fixation, restoring excellent joint motion and early mobilization.
Recovery is crucial and can take months to properly heal. Having an effective rehabilitation plan is the best way to manage your recovery and achieve maximum results. Expert advice will be provided by the surgeon along with the benefits and risks associated with tibial osteotomy.
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